One of the key methods of finding out what a “religion” believes versus what the Bible teaches is to go to the source. If we visit the Jehovah Witness site (http://www.jw.org/en/), you can find thenswer yourself.
At a section called “Our Readers Ask…”, the Jehova Witnesses answer the question “Is Jesus the Archangel Michael?”
Here is their answer: (In fairness to accuracy, I will post their entire text here (red), with my comments in bold)
“Put simply, the answer is yes. The custom of being called by more than one name is common in many cultures. The same situation occurs with names in the Bible. For example, the patriarch Jacob is also named Israel (Genesis 35:10) The apostle Peter is named in five different ways—Symeon, Simon, Peter, Cephas, and Simon Peter. (Matthew 10:2; 16:16; John 1:42; Acts 15:7,14 How can we be sure that Michael is another name for Jesus? Consider the following Scriptural evidence.
The Bible contains five references to the mighty spirit creature Michael. Three occurrences are in the book of Daniel. At Daniel 10:13, 21, we read that a dispatched angel is rescued by Michael, who is called “one of the foremost princes” and “the prince of you people.” Next, at Daniel 12:1, we learn that in the time of the end, “Michael will stand up, the great prince who is standing in behalf of the sons of your people.”
A further mention of Michael occurs at Revelation 12:7, which describes “Michael and his angels” as fighting a vital war that results in the ousting of Satan the Devil and his wicked angels from heaven.
Notice that in each of the above-mentioned cases, Michael is portrayed as a warrior angel battling for and protecting God’s people, even confronting Jehovah’s greatest enemy, Satan.
Jude verse 9 calls Michael “the archangel.” The prefix “arch” means “principal” or “chief,” and the word “archangel” is never used in the plural form in the Bible. The only other verse in which an archangel is mentioned is at 1 Thessalonians 4:16, where Paul describes the resurrected Jesus, saying: “The Lord [Jesus] himself will descend from heaven with a commanding call, with an archangel’s voice and with God’s trumpet.” So Jesus Christ himself is here identified as the archangel, or chief angel.
My comment: 1st Thessalonians 4:16, “For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ will rise first” — Even a cursory glance at this verse should tell you that The Lord himself will descend from heaven WHEN the archangel shouts and WHEN the trump of God is sounded (Book of Revelations)…
BTW, Chapter 1 of Jude (which they reference above) is about “…certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ…”; this book was written AFTER Jesus ascended to Heaven, where, according to the Jehovah Witnesses, he is now Michael the Archangel. Isn’t it curious that not ONE of the disciples (to include Paul) refer to Jesus that way? It is obvious that John constantly refer’s to various Angels in the Book of Revelation, but not once does he refer to Jesus Christ as an Angel.
In view of the foregoing, what can we conclude? Jesus Christ is Michael the archangel. Both names—Michael (meaning “Who Is Like God?”) and Jesus (meaning “Jehovah Is Salvation”)—focus attention on his role as the leading advocate of God’s sovereignty. Philippians 2:9states: “God exalted him [the glorified Jesus] to a superior position and kindly gave him thename that is above every other name.”
It is important to note that the human birth of Jesus was not the beginning of his life. Before Jesus was born, Mary was visited by an angel who told her that she would conceive a child by means of holy spirit and that she should name the child Jesus. (Luke 1:31) During his ministry, Jesus often spoke of his prehuman existence.—John 3:13; 8:23, 58.
My Comment: In his “pre-human” existence, he was “The Word”, meaning “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the word was God” (John 1:1). I invite you to compare that with the Jehovah Witness version of John 1:1 and see that they say Jesus was just another (g)od.
So Michael the archangel is Jesus in his prehuman existence. After his resurrection and return to heaven, Jesus resumed his service as Michael, the chief angel, “to the glory of Godthe Father.”—Philippians 2:11.”
My Comment: Again, not once in all the books of the New Testament do the Disciples refer to Jesus as Michael, and remember these are books that are written AFTER Christ has resurrected to be with God, which is where they say he became Michael again. If somehow, they are trying to make the argument that Jesus as Holy Spirit sends his angel (whom they say is Michael) because Michael is the guardian of Israel, that is NOT the same thing as saying Michael is Jesus, and furthermore there is absolutely no proof of this anywhere in the Bible.
In Revelations 3:5 we read where Jesus himself is speaking: “..He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels“. Jesus is stating that God is his Father, not creator, and that he will confess our names to both his Father and his Father’s angels. Nowhere in the Bible do you see where an angel addresses God as “their Father”, that right is reserved for Jesus (and us, when we confess our sins to him). The angels were created to minister to God, and watch over us. God sent Jesus (The “Word” that has existed from the beginning with God) to reconcile all peoples to Him…he did not send an “Angel”…
Also note that, if Jesus is Michael the Archangel, does that mean we will theoretically be able to judge him? (See 1 Corinthians 6:3 – “Know ye not that we shall judge angels? How much more things that pertain to this life?”) I think we know that will not happen, as Jesus is not an angel (i.e., a created being) but is God’s only begotten son, higher than any created thing (which is why he shall judge all creation).
Also, in the Book of Revelations it is stated by Jesus Christ (2:18) “And unto the angel of the church in Thyatira write: These things saith the Son of God…” – Jesus is NOT an angel before or after, he is the living Son of God, not a created being like the angels (who are a little higher than us, and will be subject to us in the Kingdom to come).
My Final Comment: Now, as a Christian, we know that Jesus is NOT an angel, he is the Son of God and is sitting by his side in Heaven, awaiting the day when he will return to Earth as Judge and Deliverer. It is true that Jesus was known by other “names” (i.e., Emmanuel), but there is NO place in the Bible where you will see him called “Michael”.
Note that in every instance above, they cannot show you where it states in the Bible that Jesus was Michael, they just use allegory and vague references…It is also interesting that you never hear them tell you this when “they” visit you at your home. I had a group of Jehova Witnesses “minister” to me for 6 months so that I could see if I could pry this info out of them. They finally had to admit to me that they believe Jesus is Michael (or should I say that Michael is Jesus?), and that’s when I told them to take me out of their database.
So, as a Christian, the quickest way to get to the crux of the matter when a Jehova Witness tries to “convert” you, is ask them the simple question:
Who is Michael the Archangel in relation to Jesus?