In the Old Testament, as Israel wanders in the wilderness, a Caananite King named Balak, calls on a “seer” named Balaam to curse the Israelites for his sake. Balaam is told by God not to say anything except what God tells him to. Three times Balak calls him to curse the Israelites, and three times Balaam blesses them. On the fourth time, Balaam states that he will tell the King (Numbers 24:14):
“…And now, behold, I go unto my people: come therefore, and I will advertise thee what this people shall do to thy people in the latter days…”
Note that term “latter days”, which always means in in the distant future and/or end times. He then state the following prophecy about Jesus Christ:
“I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab (shatter the forehead), and destroy all the children (sons of tumult) of Sheth.”
This is talking about the the coming of Jesus Christ, the “Star of Jacob”, and also seems to indicate the time after His resurrection when Christ returns to pass judgement on the nations, and specifically punish the nations that did not help Israel.
This verse is also associated with Genesis 49:10-1, also a prophecy of Christ, in which it talks about the sceptre (the authority to rule):
“The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering (obedience) of the people be. Binding his foal (donkey) unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: His eyes shall be red (darker than) with wine, and his teeth white (whiter than) with milk.”
And, this is what happened, within that generation of Christ’s death, the kingdom of Israel was vanquished and the priesthood was lost.